>>Great North Museum, Newcastle >>Chesters Roman Fort, Bath House and Museum >>Housesteads Roman Fort >>Vindolanda Roman Fort & The Roman Army Museum >>Arbeia Roman Fort and Museum >>Segedunum Roman Fort, Bath House and Museum at Wallsend >>Birdoswald Roman Fort >>Tullie House Museum & Art Gallery, Carlisle
About Hadrian's Wall
Spectacular scenery of the rugged countryside form the background to the World Heritage Site of Hadrian’s Wall, the area which formed Rome’s Northern frontier almost two thousand years ago. Its towns and villages with their character and charm hide a history of troubled times in the past. The town of Hexham grew around the 7th Century Abbey Church into the busy market town of today and the Town Gaol is where the stories of Border troubles can be found involving the infamous “Border Reivers”. Carlisle in the west was a Roman garrison which grew into a Roman town and is now a bustling and important Border city with its historic Castle and Cathedral.
Hadrian’s Wall was built to mark the boundary of the Roman Empire from 122AD and stretched from the East, at Wallsend on Tyne, to Bowness on Solway in the West, a distance of 73 miles (117km) The wall and its defences were garrisoned by troops in forts, turrets and milecastles along it’s length. The central section is where the best preserved sections cross the hills of the Northumberland National Park. The Great North Museum in Newcastle, to the East, provides a marvellous background to the building of this great memorial to the Roman Empire and Tullie House Museum and Art Gallery in Carlisle, to the West, also has a fabulous Roman Gallery. Many of the roman fort sites also have their own on-site museums and some have replicas of the Roman buildings, such as the Military Bath House at Wallsend, Segedunum Roman fort. There are also replicas of the wall itself, Headquarters building, Gateways, Commanding Officers villa and Barrack Blocks. These can be found at various different sites along the frontier. Each site also has its own unique features. Vindolanda Roman Fort is the location where the famous Roman writing tablets were discovered, and archaeologists today continue the work between Easter and October every year. The frontier also includes a long stretch down the Cumbrian coast, of ditch fortifications and milefortlets and Roman forts. The Senhouse Roman Museum at Maryport has the finest collection of Roman altars in the country. In between the main Roman sites there are also many locations to visit including viewpoints and picnic areas and nature reserves. The Hadrian’s Wall Path, one of the National Walking Trails is popular in Summer times and tours can be arranged to include site visits with a short walk also if required.